Language Death

Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107431812
Size: 19.43 MB
Format: PDF
View: 41

A thorough review of the worldwide problem of language endangerment and death.

Language Maintenance And Language Death

Author: Karen A. Roesch
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027202888
Size: 15.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 85

This book provides the first extensive description of Texas Alsatian, a critically-endangered Texas German dialect, as spoken in Medina County in the 21st century. The dialect was brought to Texas in the 1840s by colonists recruited by French entrepreneur Henri Castro and has been preserved with minimal change for six generations. Texas Alsatian has maintained lexical, phonological, and morphosyntactic features which differentiate it from the prevalent standard-near varieties of Texas German. This study both describes its grammatical features and discusses extra-linguistic factors contributing to the dialect s preservation or accelerating its decline, e.g., social, historical, political, and economic factors, and speaker attitudes and ideologies linked to cultural identity. The work s multi-faceted approach makes its relevant to a broad range of scholars such as dialectologists, historical linguists, sociolinguists, ethnographers, and anthropologists interested in language variation and change, language and identity, immigrant dialects, and language maintenance and death."

Language Death And Language Maintenance

Author: Mark Janse
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027247520
Size: 16.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 73

Languages are dying at an alarming rate all over the world. Estimates range from 50% to as much as 90% by the end of the century. This collection of original papers tries to strike a balance between theoretical, practical and descriptive approaches to language death and language maintenance. It provides overviews of language endangerment in Africa, Eurasia, and the Greater Pacific Area. It also presents case studies of endangered languages from various language families. These descriptive case studies not only provide data on the degree of endangerment and the causes of language death, but also provide a general sociolinguistic and typological characterization the language(s) under discussion and the prospects of language maintenance (if any). The volume will be of interest to all those concerned with the ongoing extinction of the world's linguistic diversity.

Language Death

Author: Viktor Höhn
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 9783638783545
Size: 17.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 96

Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,0, University of Trier, course: Applied Linguistics, 31 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: A language dies when nobody speaks it any more. However, there are different ways languages die. In this regard, three types of language death can be identified: population loss, forced shift, and voluntary shift. One must, however, recognize that the divisions between them are not always clear. Many language deaths involve some combination of all three. Besides, there is a considerable grey area between forced and voluntary shift. The distinction between what is forced and what is voluntary is problematic, but the terms are useful as idealized ends of a continuum. 1. Language death 3 1.1 Types of language death 3 1.2 Causes of language shift 5 1.2.1 Economic influence 5 1.2.2 Cultural influence 6 1.2.3 Political influence 8 2. Linguistic equilibrium and punctuation – Endangered languages under increasing threat 9 2.1 The Palaeolithic equilibrium 9 2.2 The Neolithic punctuation and aftershock 10 2.3 The industrial punctuation 11 2.4 The extent of endangerment 13 3. Reasons for action 14 3.1 Linguistic diversity and sustainable economic development 14 3.2 Language and identity 15 3.3 Language and history 16 3.4 Language and human knowledge 17 3.5 Languages and linguistic knowledge 18 II. PRINCIPLES 20 1. The Diagnosis 20 1.1 Levels of endangerment 20 1.2 The stages of language death 20 2. Remedies 22 2.1 Reversing Language Shift (RLS) theory 22 2.2 Increase of prestige 25 2.3 Increase of wealth 26 2.4 The education system 26 2.5 Literacy 27 2.6 Increase of legitimate power 27 III. RECOMMENDATIONS 29 IV. REFERENCES 33

Language Death In The Isle Of Man

Author: George Broderick
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110911411
Size: 10.41 MB
Format: PDF
View: 87

This book looks in some detail into the sociolinguistic and formal linguistic situation which led to the decline and extinction of Manx Gaelic as a community language in the Isle of Man. The formal linguistic aspect concentrates upon developments in the following areas: phonology, morphophonology, morphology, morphosyntax and syntax, idiom and lexicon.

A Grammar Of Anong

Author: hong kai Sun
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004176867
Size: 12.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 30

A work that will be of interest to those interested in typology, language history, and contact induced change, this book documents the radical restructuring of Anong over the last 40 years under intense contact with Lisu. In the almost fifty years, Sun Hongkai has been documenting the Anong language of Yunnan China, it has undergone radical, contact-induced changes. The language of the less than forty remaining speakers is quite different than the Anong of forty years ago. Under intense contact with Lisu, major change has occurred in the language, much of it documented in this work of Sun's. The English edition is a reworking of the original Chinese version, providing annotation, an expanded lexicon, and an appendix that contains an instrumental study of the language.